Marine, intertidal, sand, protected, eulittoral

Sand beaches in wave-protected are likely to have silt mixed in with the sand and thus they grade into the "mixed-fine" category. They are more stable than wave-exposed sands, making them a more favorable environment for burrowing and for deposit-feeding organisms. These habitats are found in bays and inlets with relatively little wave action, and may be bordered at their upper edges by salt marshes. The shallow water fish fauna in these habitats provides food for seals and for a variety of local and migratory birds, including mew gulls, grebes, and great blue herons.

Habitat attributes

Class ID: 
Class name: 
Marine, intertidal, sand, protected, eulittoral
19.0 km (in WA)
Primary substrate: 
Secondary substrate: 
Tertiary substrate: 
Substrate stability: 
Substrate key details: 
Pebble, sand, mud (few stable surface features)
Wave exposure: 
Blue book classes: 
[No class in 1990 publication]
Map/survey site examples: 
Outer False Bay; Jackson Beach; shore east of Dungeness Spit
Fish sampling sites: 
Beach Seine: Jamestown
Diagnostic species: 
  • Zostera marina
  • Zostera japonica
  • Gracilaria pacifica
  • Macoma nasuta
  • Phoronopsis harmeri
  • Oligocottus maculosus
  • Leptocottus armatus
  • Cymatogaster aggregata
  • Parophrys vetulus
VEC common associates: 
Cancer spp.
Tresus capax
Species notes: