Length: 48 cm

Weight: 1100 grams

Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) BREEDING: North America in western and southern Alaska, Aleutians, scattered areas in central and eastern Canada, including southern Keewatin, northern Quebec, and Newfoundland. Also found (and may breed) from southern Yukon and Mackenzie east to Labrador and Newfoundland. Eurasia from Iceland, British Isles, Spitsbergen, and Scandinavia east across Russia and Siberia to Anadyrland, Sakhalin, and Kamchatka.

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

Range

Breeds n Siberia to Alaska; winters to n US.

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

Range Description

Melanitta americana breeds in western Alaska (USA), Newfoundland (Canada) and far-eastern Russia (e.g. Collinson et al. 2006). It winters at sea off north-east America, and in the Pacific on the coasts of North America, Russia, Japan, Korea and eastern China (del Hoyo et al. 1992).

Global Protection: Few to several (1-12) occurrences appropriately protected and managed

Comments: Unclear how well protected they are but Canadian sites are in various sorts of parks.

Degree of Threat: Very high - high

Global Short Term Trend: Relatively stable to decline of 30%

Comments: Not declining rapidly at most of its sites but thought to be declining at some as habitat deteriorates.

Global Long Term Trend: Decline of 70-90%

Comments: Extensive habitat has been lost to dune stabilization and exotic plants brought in for that purpose, to development, and recreational use.

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled

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